CITRINE

Stone of wisdom and peace
Citrine belongs to the group of quartzes. Its closest "relatives" are amethyst, smoky quartz, rock crystal.

In essence, citrine differs from ordinary quartz only in its yellow color, which ranges from lemon yellow to amber honey. The color of citrines is due to the transition from ferrous iron to trivalent iron, or the presence of impurities of ferric iron, which is in the tetrahedral position in the quartz structure, or is associated with defects that occur when tetravalent silicon is replaced by trivalent aluminum with valence compensation by lithium and hydrogen ions.

There are citrines that have areas of purple-lilac color. Such stones are called ametrines.
Raw citrine
Citrine is found in nature much less frequently than other stones of the quartz group - amethysts, smoky quartzes. The main deposits of citrine are located in Brazil and Madagascar.
Due to the fact that natural citrines are quite rare, so-called "false citrines" - amethysts or smoky quartzes, which are calcined at a temperature of about 500 degrees, can be increasingly found.

This is a rather subtle point in the terminology of varieties of stones of the quartz group, since under natural conditions amethyst and smoky quartz can also be subjected to temperature effects and, as a result, acquire a characteristic golden hue of citrine. However, from the point of view of gemology, citrine and quartzes of other shades heated under citrine are different stones, regardless of the nature of the heating, since true citrine, for example, does not form druse and "brushes" like amethyst.
How to distinguish natural citrine from heated amethyst and rauchtopaz?
1. Natural natural citrine has dichroism in most cases, while heated amethyst or smoky quartz does not have this effect.
2. The shade of natural citrine never goes into a rich orange, like, for example, amethyst heated under citrine. The exception is citrines of a sunny orange color, called "citrine Madeira". However, since this variety of citrine is considered very rare and expensive, their characteristics and origin are highlighted when selling the stone. Also, the price will be much higher than ordinary citrines.
3. Natural citrine does not form druse, and crystals are extremely rare. If you see a druse or an intergrowth of yellow crystals, it is most likely a heated amethyst.
It is believed that citrine raises self-esteem, adds self-confidence, streamlines thoughts, encourages creativity. This stone is the perfect talisman for Gemini and Scorpios.

Meditation with citrine fills a person from the inside with light and energy necessary for the implementation of priority tasks.

Jewelry with citrine helps those who make a living with their own hands - enterprising and prudent people.
For a long time, citrine was confused with topaz because of their similar golden yellow hue. NOW IT IS OBVIOUSLY THAT CITRINE AND TOPAZ ARE DIFFERENT: TOPAZ IS MUCH HARDER THAN CITRINE AND THEIR CRYSTALS HAVE DIFFERENT SHAPE. In the photo: faceted citrines, tumbling of smoky quartz and a fluorite crystal.