Topaz
Topaz is a semi-precious stone, belongs to the group of aluminum silicates. Now topaz is strongly associated with blue-blue shades, while until the middle of the last century, yellow-orange shades of topaz were the most popular. Even one of the versions of the origin of the name of the stone - topaz from the Sanskrit "tapaz", which means "fire" - tells us that this stone was first identified as a golden, yellow or orange mineral.
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Topaz is one of the few minerals whose color is due not to impurities, but to structural defects (so-called atomic vacancies). O vacancies give blue color, F vacancies give yellow color, O and SiO2 vacancies give smoky color. When heated, the color disappears; when exposed to radiation, it intensifies.

As a rule, most deep blue and blue topaz on the market have this color due to irradiation. At Minty Sky, we use only natural blue topaz, which is quite pale in appearance, but has a blue tint of natural origin.

Topaz is one of the reference minerals of the Moss hardness scale - the value of this indicator for topaz is 8, while, for example, for turquoise this indicator takes values ​​of about 5, for minerals of the quartz group - 6-7. That is, topaz is much harder than most semi-precious stones.
In topaz, inclusions, color heterogeneity, as well as defects such as cracks and voids are quite rare.

Topaz is considered a symbol of joy and spiritual purity. Topaz is used to protect against mental illness, nervous and energy exhaustion, it relieves stress, calms, relieves nervous disorders, balances emotions, relieves fears, and helps with insomnia. It is believed that the contemplation of topaz cures insanity.

The ancient Romans believed that in a moment of danger, topaz could make them invisible. But it is not exactly.