Sea frozen in stone.

Aquamarine is a bluish variety of beryl. The name of the stone is translated from Latin literally as "sea water".

Aquamarine owes its color to the presence of iron in the chemical composition. This stone is quite hard - from 7.5 to 8 on the Moss scale, often contains inclusions.

Aquamarine may have optical effects such as dichroism and the cat's eye effect.

There is a legend that says that aquamarines are frozen splashes of the ocean. The wave, hitting coastal stones, throws millions of sparkling drops ashore like fireworks, which fall on the ground in bulk.

There is also a sign according to which the color of aquamarine can change depending on the weather and the mood of the owner. It is calmly blue in clear weather and when everything is safe and joyful in the soul of its owner. But in bad weather, the stone turns greenish-blue and darkens like the sea before a storm. When the owner has sadness, longing and anxiety in his heart, the stone becomes cloudy. Before a storm and if intrigues are woven against its owner, the stone becomes heavier and presses on the finger if worn in a ring. But it is not exactly.

According to another legend, aquamarine was obtained from the treasure chest of ghostly mermaids, and in ancient times this stone was considered to bring good luck to sailors. In ancient Greece and ancient Rome travelers carved gods of the sea, Neptune and Triton, on aquamarines.

Aquamarine is a hard but brittle stone. Therefore, when wearing it, you should be more careful - protect it from scratches and bumps. In general, the shade of aquamarine can fade in the bright sun, but this happens slowly, so you should not sunbathe in jewelry with this stone. Ordinary sunny weather is safe for Aquamarine.

Aquamarines can vary greatly in clarity, hue and the presence/absence of inclusions. So strong can these differences be that they are one of the hallmarks of the mineral. After all aquamarine can be easily confused with topaz. However, topaz practically does not have such a variety of inclusions, as well as a greenish tint and pronounced effects of dichroism and a cat's eye.

Aquamarines can be grown in the laboratory, but this is currently not economically viable.

How to distinguish aquamarine from topaz? A quick way to determine as accurately as possible which stone is in front of you:
1. Look at the color of the stone: found shades of green / yellow - in front of you, most likely, aquamarine. Topazes tend to have a cooler blue tint without yellowing.
2. Look at the purity of the stone: found inclusions - in front of you, most likely, aquamarine. Topazes very rare have inclusions.
3. Look at the structure of the stone: they found irregularities on the surface - in front of you, most likely, aquamarine. Topaz is harder than aquamarine, so the likelihood of bumps on the surface is minimal.

If the answers to all the above questions are negative - the stone is blue, clean and without a single bump, then only a gemological examination can determine for sure.